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The parliamentary defense committee said in a report of  that defensive missiles eliminated the need for large coastal artillery guns. Her 12 guns were put into storage at the arsenal at Sidi Abdallah near Bizerte while her smaller guns were used by the French in coastal batteries to defend the port of Bizerte. Some of the terrain on the island is unsuitable and space on the boat is somewhat limited. . The coastal artillery version of the gun had a larger chamber volumes and used different ammunition, although it could fire naval rounds. During World War One the Russian military used 254/45 D guns both as super-heavy coastal artillery and as long-range artillery. Photo courtesy of Jaeger Platoon Website ( t ) With the 254/45 D guns being the de facto standard issue super-heavy coastal gun for Finnish coastal artillery, it took until the late 1920s before Finnish coastal artillery understood the need for more powerful guns. New batteries were located on the outer sea front on islands of Pyöräsaari, Miessaari, Rysäkari, Katajaluoto, Harmaja, Kuivasaari, Isosaari, Itä-Villinki and on the cape of Skatanniemi. . 254mm (10inch) 45 calibre coastal gun in Kuivasaari. In 1927 a proposal was made to re-locate four 12 inch guns which had fallen into Finnish hands with independence for the defence of Helsinki (there were no 12 inch guns in the batteries around Helsinki in the First World War.

Meanwhile both the German and Swedish naval forces in the Baltic were being strengthened. The Fortress of Krepost Sveaborg, coastal batteries and firing sectors in the northern Baltic and Gulf of Finland at the end of the war 1918. The guns were considered excellent pieces, and were deployed aboard the Gangut and Imperatritsa Mariya class dreadnoughts in triple turret mountings designed and constructed by the Metallicheskii Works. Main roads and railroads are also marked. Then the lock is closed, the gun is angled to the desired elevation and fire! When the Russians took the islands over for military use, they become not the property of the Russian government but of the Russian Royal Family.

 Saarenpä was completely rebuilt in the 1930s. At least in theory the Finnish 305-mm dual gun turret on Mäkiluoto Island and the two Estonian 305-mm dual gun turrets on Aegna Island were intended, with the help of other coastal artillery, minefields, coastal defence ships and submarines, to close the Gulf of Finland. Photo courtesy of What is more difficult to understand is why the 305-mm artillery battery on Örö Island was not taken into Finnish military use at that time either. A Soviet Naval party directed by Alexi Krylov inspected the ship in December 1926 but found it in such poor condition that they declined to take it back. They engaged the British light cruiser HMS Kenya, reportedly scoring one hit on the cruiser, during Operation Archery in 1941, but saw no other combat during the war. Some 140 were issued by the end of the Continuation War. From all of those 305-mm coastal artillery batteries that the Russian military had intended to be built in Finland, only the ones built in the Ino coastal fort were fully completed in 1917. A second spare 305mm barrel on Kuivasaari Island. Due to relatively low gun mounts and the spring recuperator under the gun, the maximum elevation was relatively small, which limited the maximum range of the gun. De Bange 90 mm cannon converted to bunker gun in Kuivasaari.

Imperator Aleksandr III  s forward pair of 130 mm guns were removed before she was completed in an attempt to compensate for her trim. This gun laying method also proved so slow, that in reality the guns were not able to follow moving targets (ships) and had to be aimed to shoot at a point towards which the enemy ship was heading, waiting until it came into the line of fire. The ship briefly flew a Royal Navy ensign but it was decided to turn the vessel over to the White Russian government, whom the Allies were backing in the Russian Civil War. . This gun is a Soviet Union 130 mm gun B-13 that was captured by the Finns in World War. While none of the 305-mm guns in Ino had been captured in usable condition, they still contained plenty of useful unbroken gun parts, which in 1920 were in danger of being sold as scrap metal by officials of Sotasaalistoimisto (the Bureau of Captured Materials). Two of the barrels (113 and 121) were used to build two single gun turrets on Isosaari Island, part of the plans to improve the defences of Helsinki. . An old Comet tank converted into a missile launch vehicle is in the background. In February of 1940 these guns, often referred to in Finland as the Bizerte guns, were loaded at Tunis into three Finnish ships for transport to Finland: the Juliette carried 4 305/52 O guns. The wooden shed in front of the tank is a transport case for the missile. With a variety of equipment, cables, devices, indicators etc.

The ascending gun mount used for this gun belonged to those developed by General Robert Augustovits Durlacher (later: Durljahov) and was already old-fashioned when introduced. The original fortress of Sveaborg, present day Suomenlinna, was constructed by the Swedes when Finland was a part of Sweden (prior to the Finnish War. A side view of the breach end of the Kuivasaari gun from the gun deck inside the turret. In the summer of 2015, IHA Lines Oy Helsinki Cruises did run a number of authorized excursions to Kuivasaari ( see this link for details ). Photography is permitted its definitely recommended that you bring a camera. Kuivasaari also has historical Tsarist buildings, as well as some old plantings. Foreign citizens have the opportunity to visit Kuivasaari on these weekends.


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The Leningrad factorys historical name was restored in 1992 by the formation of a unitary enterprise, fsue Obukhov State Plant. In addition to abundant birds, Kuivasaari has, for example, as many as 400 kinds of butterflies. The interior of the turret. Obuhov started manufacturing the gun mounts in 1899, while Bryarsk started its manufacturing in 1904. Its usable naval equipment was sold abroad or taken by the French navy, its main guns were removed for further use and the ship itself was broken up and sold for its scrap value in 1936.

A total of 32 new bomb-proof stone powder cellars were built by the beginning of the 1870s, further improving the defences. In addition to the Obhukhov 305/52 O guns, Kuivasaari has examples of almost all the guns used over the years by the Finnish Coastal Artillery as well as some of the first anti-ship missiles from the 1960s. Photo courtesy of Northern Fortress website 75/50 O Imperial Russian Canet 75 mm/50 1892 naval gun on Obukhov carriage on Kuivasaari. These gun barrels are.85 meters long and weight about 50 (metric) tons. Despite the fact that concrete batteries were destroyed by the explosion, the Finns got the 12 inch Obukhov guns, cupola, electrics and pneumatic equipment It was conserved and put in storage. Tykkien kranaatit painoivat noin 500.

The 12 gun turret is marked in red, Incidentally, there are several military islands on the Finnish south coast, which until recently have been off-limits to civilians, but have now been made available for civilians to visit them. Petersburg Metal Factory by 1910. The Russians had begun building of the Örö super-heavy coastal artillery battery in January of 1915. The mass of a single working cal. The barrels were evacuated in 1945 and the same barrels returned in the 1960s. The museum was completed and after countless hours of voluntary work, a 12-inch cannon fired a so-called water shot at the end of 1992. 10 tuuman (254 mm) Durlacher tykki ja 100 mm tornikanuuna. The island also has a Coastal Soldiers Association military canteen, that now provides the opportunity to look back at military service time and offer to the wife and children that famous coffee and donuts.

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Of these, 126 were actually delivered prior to 1917 (some sources say 144). This Russian colony in thai hieronta forssa seksiseuraa rauma Tunisia housed thousands of people who had lost contact with their relatives and couldnt even hope to see their homeland again. (land artillery N 105, 52 K (length of barrel in calibers). It should be kept in mind that the ammunition for such weapons is limited, and at this time in the gun barrels lives they have already fired 100 shots and 67 (right and left barrels respectively, not counting the water salute). . Finns intending to visit need photo identification (drivers license for example) while foreigners will need a Passport. Canet 120/45 C coastal artillery battery on Isosaari Island outside Helsinki is shooting.

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Despite that these odd strangers left a number of stories in Finland. It was designed primarily for Maxim-machineguns, but could be used also with light machineguns. However, a few batteries are in areas accessible to the public. . At the time, the military intended to dispose of the the guns and the turret for scrap, but this caused an outcry from the public, and the turret was preserved until the early 1990s. The Finnish Defence Forces use the area from time to time exercises but the islands coastal artillery equipment has been removed from operational use (some of it is still usable however).

Before German troops could make it to the Black Sea the Volya was seized by Ukrainian revolutionaries (who promptly renamed it the Ukraine ) in April 1918. Manufactured by Obukhov in 1906, serial number 114. Donated by France to Finland during Winter War, converted to bunker guns late in World War 2 or after. The top of the ceiling and wall surfaces were cleaned from the inside, the upper part was painted and sprayed with urethane foam. The minimum number of passengers is 10 persons. In 2015, trips were run on 3 weekends.

In addition to being deployed aboard the Gangut class and Imperatritsa Mariya class battleships, these pieces were also emplaced as coastal artillery in the Peter the Great Naval Fortresses along the Tallinn-Porkkala (Gulf of Finland) defensive line in 1917, as well as being mounted. In 1949 it was reported that the heavy coastal artillery guns should now again be transported into place and the bastions rehabilitated. The survey vessel.M.S. The turret foundation was quarried into the bedrock in one of the gun pits of the earlier Russian built battery fronts constructed of massive concrete massive for the 254/45 D coastal guns. While this plan was not implemented, later both Isosaari and Kuivasaari would receive coastal artillery batteries equipped with these guns. The first new 254 mm guns arrived in 1913, but it was not until early 1914 that construction of the first new batteries began on Melkki and Isosaari. Photo taken in July of 1942. The historic arsenal rifles of the battery crew.

Heres a collection on Youtube of photos of the pre-WW1 Obhukhov Factory in Saint Petersburg Returning to the 305/ Gun, the design was completed in 1906 and a prototype finished in 1907. The Finnish military did not exactly have much of an inventory of spare gun barrels for 305/52 O guns once Ristiniemi was built 8 out of 9 captured guns were in active use and replacing a gun barrel weighing about 50,000 kg was not exactly. The end of World War One brought an Allied occupation force into the Black sea through the Dardanelles. Kuivasaari coastal artillery fortress another view pf the old commanders house dating from 1910. In 2002 it became part of the Almaz-Antey military industrial concern, and in 2003, it became a joint-stock company, ojsc GOZ Obukhov Plant. While Russian coastal artillery acquired additional 254-mm coastal guns during that war, it was already becoming quite clear that the gun had already lost its  edge against modern battleships.

After the war these were handed over to the Soviet Union in 1945, where they were kept operational until 1991, being finally withdrawn from service in 1999. . In 1992 it was renamed Bolshevik Plant. The Örö 305-mm artillery battery became operational circa 1930. Imperator Aleksander III Imperator Aleksandr III was fitted with four Parsons-type steam turbines imported from John Brown Company of the United Kingdom. The Island of Örö (a bit south of Hanko/Hango Peninsula) opened to the public just last year and has one of the remaining three remaining Finnish artillery installations with 305-mm guns the third place being Isosaari Island outside Helsinki (and right next to Kuivasaari but Isosaari is still a restricted military area. Each of them faced a difficult adaptation to another world, climate, and social status, but even in such conditions, people were able to preserve their cultural values and traditions. Before the building of this artillery battery started the number of its 305/52 O guns was reduced to two, which were installed in new Finnish-built single gun steel turrets. The Kuivasaari telephone exchange was also the central gunnery telephone exchange. She was interned in Bizerte (Tunisia) with the rest of Wrangels fleet with a White Russian skeleton crew who remained in residence for years until the French authorities demanded that they hand the vessel over in partial payment for assistance rendered to the exiles (other sources.

There are some pictures in the archives of Chinese prisoners but very few of the 100,000 Finnish fortification workers. The last 8 guns arrived in 1915.  This was an unmitigated disaster for the Russian Navy, which had lost the majority of its major warships, leaving the Baltic almost unprotected. Port crane in Sidi Abdallah with a capacity of 150. Presumably due to failure to pre-heat the massive gun barrel in freezing weather with a smaller warming shot, the gun crew instead starting by firing a shell with a full power propellant charge. The financing needed for the building of the gun turrets onto Mäkiluoto and the Kuivasaari Coastal Artillery Fortress was directly linked to secret Finnish Estonian military co-operation, which if needed (if either country was attacked by the Soviet Union) was intended to block access. This photograph gives an idea what the Russian battery front type coastal artillery batteries looked like. The Russian Baltic Fleet was sent to the Far East to regain Russias lost naval supremacy, but the fleet was almost completely destroyed in naval battle of Tsushima year 1905. Besides that over 3000 prisoners from the Far East (for example from China) were brought to Finland. The total number of 305/52 O coastal guns taken over by the Finnish military in 1918 was nine guns, of which five originated from Ino and four from Örö Island.

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Guided tour length will vary according to customer needs, but it is advisable to book at least one and a half hours. The decision to favor a gun design intended panoseuraa turku dildoa pilluun to be laid by hand was also questionable considering that by that time many countries had already introduced coastal guns with electrical gun laying systems. Despite the improvements the funds and resources allocated to the fortress were not sufficient to keep pace with the rapid evolution of military technology. Since then, firing a salute on Finlands Independence Day has become a tradition. Photo courtesy of Northern Fortress website Apparently both the 305-mm artillery batteries in the Ino coastal fort had become operational before the Russian revolution stopped all fortification building work in 1917. .